Site Assessment & Due Diligence Services

Since its founding in 2008 MAKSolve has completed over 500 individual projects for some 200+ clients.  At least one-fourth of these projects have direct relevance to Brownfields, involving environmental site assessment.  These have included Phase I ESAs, Phase II ESAs, Risk Assessments, Remediation Feasibility Studies, and Site Remediation.  Our site assessments can be expanded to include asbestos and lead surveys, indoor air quality evaluations, ground water monitoring, contaminant characterization, and soil gas surveys.

MAKSolve conducts ESAs for real estate investment trusts, commercial and industrial businesses, financial institutions, law firms, municipalities, and individuals involved in the acquisition, liquidation, and development of real property.  ESAs are conducted on all types of properties including undeveloped property, utility and right-of-way easements, multi-unit residential property, commercial property, and industrial/manufacturing property.

Phase I Environmental Site Assessments

MAKSolve typically performs Phase I ESAs following ASTM Standard E1527-13 (Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process). The purpose of these studies is to identify “recognized environmental conditions” associated with a property. A “recognized environmental condition” is defined by ASTM as “the presence or likely presence of any hazardous substances or petroleum products in, on, or at a property; (1) due to any release to the environment; (2) under conditions indicative of a release to the environment; or (3) under conditions that pose a material threat of a future release to the environment”. Therefore, a Phase I ESA performed in accordance with the industry-standard ASTM guidelines is designed to identify potential environmental contamination.

MAKSolve typically completes and delivers Phase I ESA reports within 10 business days from receipt of Authorization to Proceed. This schedule, as well as our report format, can be modified to meet client-specific requirements. We will provide a project update by telephone prior to issuing the report. In this update, we will discuss the report findings with you.

Modified Phase I Environmental Site Assessments

As discussed above, an ASTM-standard Phase I ESA is designed to identify “recognized environmental conditions”; the definition of recognized environmental condition addresses potential environmental contamination at a site, but does not address other possible business environmental risk. These possible risks may include asbestos, lead-based paint, wetlands, floodplains, environmental compliance issues, etc.

MAKSolve can customize a Phase I ESA scope of work to address possible business environmental risks that may be present at a site. In order to address these issues, we will typically ask the client about development at the site and planned site usage prior to developing an agreed-upon scope of work.

Phase II Environmental Site Assessments

A Phase II ESA is designed to provide additional information about the environmental condition of a property. Typically, Phase II ESAs include the collection and analysis of samples of environmental media such as soil and groundwater. Sampling is targeted toward areas of the site that are most likely to have been impacted by releases of hazardous substances or petroleum products during past or current operations at the property, as identified during a Phase I ESA.

If subsurface soil sampling and/or groundwater sampling is required during a Phase II ESA, MAKSolve utilizes various drilling technologies. However, most projects can be executed using a Geoprobe® Soil Sampling System for collection of samples. The Geoprobe® sampling system uses hydraulic pressure to advance a sampling tube to collect soil samples, and may also be used to collect groundwater samples. This system is rapid and much more cost-effective than a traditional drill rig.

Site Characterization, Risk Assessment, and Remediation

If a Phase II ESA identifies environmental contamination at a site, MAKSolve can develop appropriate remedial strategies to eliminate or reduce the associated environmental and business risk. These activities may include one or more of the following:

  • Additional investigation to delineate the extent of contamination vertically and horizontally
  • Risk assessment to identify human health or ecological exposure risk
  • Removal of impacted soils, underground storage tanks, or other environmental concerns
  • Remedial system design, installation, operation and maintenance

MAKSolve also has a strong practice in Brownfield projects. Before Brownfields was a defined term, MAKSolve was helping clients redevelop and manage contaminated real estate. These projects are designed to return environmentally-impaired commercial or industrial property to viability through field investigations to document environmental conditions; risk assessment to identify acceptable exposures based on anticipated land use; and remediation, consulting controls and/or deed restrictions to prevent exposures to residual contamination.

Occupational Safety & Health Services

MAKSolve offers a wide range of safety services, from preliminary OSHA compliance audits to comprehensive compliance strategies. We can help you evaluate your OSHA compliance status, develop a cost effective, site specific, safety program for your facility, and provide the associated safety training that fits your organization’s specific needs.

Our goal at MAKSolve is to provide you, our client, with long-term solutions that will protect workers and your organization and simultaneously reduce the costs associated with losses and non-compliance.

  • Asbestos management and consulting services, including building inspections and hazard assessments, abatement project design, bid specifications and plans, abatement contractor surveillance, air monitoring, sample analysis (air and bulk samples), and operations and maintenance plans
  • Lead-based paint inspections and hazard assessments using spectrum analyzer XRFs or laboratory analysis (atomic absorption/ICAP) in accordance with HUD guidelines and recommendations. MAKSolve also provides design services for LBP abatement projects, as well as on-site surveillance and monitoring of the abatement work
  • Comprehensive industrial hygiene services, including workplace exposure monitoring surveys for chemical contaminants and physical agents, occupational safety and health audits, indoor air quality investigations, hazard communication programs, and OSHA compliance consultations
  • Safety/Environmental Management Services, including review of current OSHA safety and EPA environmental management and compliance systems.


  • UST site evaluations and contaminated soil removals, with disposal oversight, management, and planning to prevent or correct releases, cleanups, removals, and reporting. Design, installation, and operation of groundwater pump and treat remedial systems
  • Management and implementation of hazardous waste site and accidental spill, release, and leak cleanups, including extent-of-contamination assessments
  • Sampling and analysis of environmental media, including vapor, soil, surface water, groundwater, wastewater, and other waste streams


  • CERCLA compliance support, including SARA Title III reporting of toxic chemical inventories and releases (due annually in March and July)
  • RCRA compliance support, including auditing, reporting, groundwater monitoring, closure, and training
  • Environmental permitting and reporting assistance, including air permits, waste water discharge permits, RCRA Part B permits and modifications, and storm water permits
  • Product labeling, importation and documentation development support under FIFRA and TSCA


Effective safety training programs result in more productive employees, improved quality control, a decline in workers’ compensation rates, and improved morale: it changes behavior! MAKSolve provides a full range of training programs to enable your organization to meet its compliance objectives, and instill the confidence and knowledge in your employees that is critical to having an effective safety culture.

Our staff conducts training sessions on topics ranging from general health and safety, to specific issues such as hazard communication, electrical safety, fork lift operations, Lockout/Tagout, confined space entry and blood borne pathogens. All training can be tailored to meet the specific needs of your organization. Training can be conducted at your site or at an appropriate off-site venue.

Industrial Hygiene Services

Our industrial hygienists specialize in the recognition, evaluation, control and management of physical, biological and chemical hazards in the workplace.

We provide expert advice on risk control options and help with the selection of solutions to prevent or control exposure to hazards in the occupational environment.